Maenad, greek word meaning raving one, is a female follower of Dionysus and the most significant members of the god's retinue. Another term for her is Bassarid.[Footnote 1] One of them appears in "Last Call".[1]


Often maenads were portrayed as inspired by Dionysus into a state of ecstatic frenzy through a combination of dancing and intoxication. During these rites, the maenads would dress in fawn skins and carry a thyrsus, a long stick wrapped in ivy or vine leaves and tipped with a pine cone. They would weave ivy-wreaths around their heads or wear a bull helmet in honor of their god, and often handle or wear snakes.[Footnote 1]

These women were mythologized as the 'mad women' who were nurses of Dionysus in Nysa: Lycurgus "chased the Nurses of the frenzied Dionysus through the holy hills of Nysa, and the sacred implements dropped to the ground from the hands of one and all, as the murderous Lycurgus struck them down with his ox-goad." They went into the mountains at night and practiced strange rites.[Footnote 1]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Maenad - Wikipedia